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Tractor-Loader-Backhoe Program Description

Theory Component:

  • Online Self Study (1-week – 40 hours)

    • ​1 week of eLearning covering many topics, such as: Industry Sectors, Environmental Protection, GPS, Rigging, Traffic Control, and Ground Disturbance. 

  • Fundamentals of Heavy Equipment (2 weeks – 54 hours)

    • ​This 2 week course is a pre-requisite to the machine specific operator training program and provides participants with the fundamentals of OHSA Reg. 213/91, safety, equipment types and components, operating techniques, transportation, and maintenance that apply to heavy equipment in the construction industry.

    • Participants also complete training in WHMIS, Working at Heights, First Aid, and CPR. 

  • Heavy Equipment Operator Level 1/2: Blended Theory & Demonstrations (1-week – 40 hours)

    • 1 week of a blended learning environment that focuses on the theory and practical components of building a road.

    • Participants will split their time between a classroom and live demonstrations of the practices required to build a road.

    • Theory subjects include, Site Assessment, Road Building, Compaction, Water and Sewer, Residential, Material Management, Soils and Aggregates, etc.


Practical Component:

  •  Tractor-Loader-Backhoe (4-weeks – 166 hours) :

    • Each field exercise includes an instructor-led demonstration, followed by a participant practice session with ongoing coaching, skills evaluation and feedback from the instructor via two-way radio.

    • The construction-type field exercises progress from basic to advanced level. Introductory training on a laser control system is included.

    • Perform preoperational inspection

    • Comply with scheduled maintenance requirements

    • Plan work procedures

    • Comply with grades and stakes

    • Operate tractor-loader-backhoe:

      • Set up equipment 

      • Grades and layout 

      • Excavate trenches in compliance with proper slope ratios 

      • Backfill using various techniques

      • Excavate ditches 

      • Load trucks 

      • Stockpile materials 

      • Cut and fill materials 

      • Build and maintain a working table 

      • Build ramps 

      • Hoist objects 

    • Follow shutdown procedure

    • Load TLB on transport vehicle


Participant/Instructor Ratio:  

  • 6 participants to 1 instructor

Participant Seat Time: 

  • Participant will always be operating a TLB on a continual basis of 8 hours per day for 4 weeks of practical training.


Total Course Duration:

  • 1-week eLearning 

  • 2-week theory 

  • 1-week blended theory & demonstrations 

  • 4-weeks practical 


* Participants returning to be trained for another piece of equipment are exempt from the On-line Self Study (1 week) and Fundamentals of Heavy Equipment (2 weeks – 80 hours) .

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